WIND: Publications: 2000-2002.

Year 2000

1. Farrugia, C. J., F. T. Gratton, J. E. Contin, R. B. Torbert, G. Zastenker, M. Nozdrachev, and A. Fedorov, J. M.Quinn, K. W. Ogilvie, H. K. Biernat, N. V. Erkaev, and R. P. Lepping, Magnetopause instabilities during the passage of the rear of the January 1997 magnetic cloud, in: The Solar Wind - Magnetosphere System-3, pp. 199, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria, 2000.

2. Farrugia, C. J., B. J. Vasquez, R. B. Torbert, L. Janoo, I. G. Richardson, L. M. Reiner, D. Berdichevsky, F. T. Gratton, L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, V. A. Osherovich, R. J. Fitzenreiter, A Szabo, and A. J. Lazarus, Multi-instrument study of the December 1996 magnetic cloud and associated interplanetary disturbances, in: The Solar Wind - Magnetosphere System-3, pp. 99, Austrian Academy of Sciences press, Austria, 2000.

3. S. Muehlbachler, C. J. Farrugia, H. K. Biernat, P. Aber, D. F. Vogl, J. M. Quinn, N. V. Erkaev, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, S. Kokubun, and T. Mukai, Bow shock position and motions during the passage of the October 18-19, 1995, magnetic cloud: Effects of dynamic pressure and magnetosonic Mach number, in: The Solar Wind - Magnetosphere System-3, pp. 121, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, Austria, 2000.

4. Dasso, S., F. T. Gratton, C. J. Farrugia, and G. Gnavi, The influence of electron thermal properties on the instability of right hand polarized ion cyclotron waves in coronal mass ejections, pp. 71, in: The Solar Wind-- Magnetosphere System--3, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, Austria, 2000.

5. Farrugia, C. J., J. M. Quinn, R. B. Torbert, J. D. Scudder, X. Cao, K. W. Ogilvie, R. J. Fitzenreiter, R. P. Lepping, and A. J. Lazarus, Electron precipitation in the polar caps for a variety of interplanetary states: Themes from POLAR, in: The Solar Wind-Magnetosphere System 3, pp. 245, edited by H. K. Biernat, C. J. Farrugia, and D. F. Vogl, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2000.

6. Farrugia, C. J., N. V. Erkaev, and H. K. Biernat, On the effects of solar wind dynamic pressure on the anisotropic magnetosheath, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 115, 2000.

7. Farrugia, C. J., F. T. Gratton, J. Contin, C. C. Cocheci, R. A. Arnoldy, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, G. N. Zastenker,, M. N. Nozdrachev, A. Fedorov, J.-A. Sauvaud, J. T. Steinberg, and G. Rostoker, Coordinated Wind, Interball/tail, and Ground observations of Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability and Waves in the near-tail, equatorial magnetopause at dusk: January 11, 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 105}, 7639, 2000.

8. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, S. W. H. Cowley, M. Lester, W. F. Denig, J.-C. Ceriser, S. E. Milan, J. Moen, E. Trondsen, and B. Lybekk, Dynamic cusp aurora and associated capture of magnetosheath plasma by the magnetosphere during northward IMF, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 12,869, 2000.

9. Richardson, I. G., D. Berdichevsky, M. D. Desch, and C. J. Farrugia, Solar-cycle variation of low density solar wind during more than 3 solar cycles, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 3761, 2000.

10. Farrugia, C. J., H. J. Singer, D. S. Evans, D. Berdichevsky, J. D. Scudder, K. W. Ogilvie, R. J. Fitzenreiter, and C. T. Russell, Response of the equatorial and polar magnetosphere to the very tenuous solar wind on May 11, 1999, {\it Geophys. Res. Lett. 27, 3773, 2000.

11. Ober, D. M., N. C. Maynard, W. J. Burke, J. Moen, A. Egeland, P. E. Sandholt, C. J. Farrugia, E. J. Weber, J. D. Scudder, and C. T. Russell, Mapping prenoon auroral structures to the magnetosphere: November 30, 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 27519, 2000.

12. Farrugia, C. J., P. E. Sandholt, N. Maynard, W. J. Burke, D. M. Ober, J. D. Scudder, J. Moen, and C. T. Russell, Pulsating mid-morning auroral arcs, filamentary mixing region in a flank boundary layer, and ULF waves observed during a Polar - Svalbard conjunction, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 27531, 2000.

Year 2001

13. Farrugia, C. J., B. Vasquez, R. B. Torbert, I. G. Richardson, L. F. Burlaga, H. K. Biernat, S. Muehlebachler, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, D. Berdiochevsky, I. G. Kubyshkin, R. P. Lin, T.-D. Phan, and J. D. Scudder, A reconnection layer associated with a magnetic cloud, Adv. Space Res., 28, No. 5, 759, 2001.

14. Vasquez, B. J., C. J. Farrugia, S. A. Markovskii, J. V. Hollweg, I. G. Richardson, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, R. P. Lin, and D. Larson, The nature of fluctuations on directional discontinuities inside a solar ejecta: Wind observations and theoretical interpretation, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29,283, 2001.

15. Farrugia, C. J., S. Muehlbachler, H. K. Biernat, and R. B. Torbert, Magnetospheric erosion during tenuous solar wind intervals, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 25,517, 2001.

16. Farrugia, C. J., N. V. Erkaev, D. F. Vogl, H. K. Biernat, M. Oieroset, R. P. Lin, and R. P. Lepping, Anisotropic magnetosheath: Comparison of theory with WIND observations near the stagnation streamline, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29,373, 2001.

17. Farrugia, C. J., F. T. Gratton, R. B. Torbert, L. Bender, G. Gnavi, K. W. Ogilvie, and P. Stauning, On the dependence of dayside Kelvin-Helmholtz activity on IMF orientation, Adv. Space Res., in press, 2001.

18. Farrugia, C. J., G. Gnavi, F. T. Gratton, M. Oieroset, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, and R. P. Lin, Waves in the plasma depletion layer derived from three magnetosheath passes made by Wind, Adv. Space Res., in press, 2001.

19. Farrugia, C. J., F. T. Gratton, and R. B. Torbert, The role of viscous-type processes in solar wind-magnetosphere interactions, in Challenges to long-standing unsolved problems in space physics in the 20th century, Space Science Rev., 95, 443, 2001.

20. Farrugia, C. J. L. F. Burlaga, V. K. Jordanova, M. P. Freeman, G. Lawrence, H. Matsui, C. C. Cocheci, R. L. Arnoldy, J. D. Scudder, K. W. Ogilvie, and R. P. lepping, Power to the magnetosphere: May 4, 1998, Adv. Space Res., in press, 2001.

21. Farrugia, C. J., V. K. Jordanova, M. P. Freeman, C. C. Cocheci, R. L. Arnoldy, M. Engebrettson, P. Stauning, G. Rostokerm, M. Thomsen, G. Reeves, and Y. Yumoto, Large-scale geomagnetic effects of May 4, 1998, Adv. Space Res., in press, 2001.

22. Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, Multipoint observations of substorm intensifications: The high-latitude aurora and electron injections in the inner equatorial plasmasheet, Geophys. Res. Lett, 28, 3, 483, 2001.

23. Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, Excitation of transient lobe cell convection and auroral arc at the cusp poleward boundary during a transition of the interplanetary magnetic field from south to north, Ann. Geophys., 19, 487, 2001.

24. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, S. W. H. Cowley, and M. Lester, Dayside auroral bifurcation sequence during $B_y$-dominated interplanetary magnetic field: Relationship with merging and lobe convection cells, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 15,429, 2001.

25. Erkaev, N. V., W. Schaffenberger, H. K. Biernat, C. J. Farrugia, D. F.Vogl, Analysis of mirror modes convected from the bow shock to the magnetopause, Planet. Space Sci., 49, 1359, 2001.

26. Jordanova, V. K., C. J. Farrugia, J. F. Fennell, and J. D. Scudder, Ground disturbances of the ring, magnetopause, and tail currents on the day the solar wind almost disappeared, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 25,529, 2001.

27. Jordanova, V. K., C. J. Farrugia, R. M. Thorne, G. V. Khazanov, G. D. Reeves, M. F. Thomsen, Modeling ring current proton precipitation by electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves during the May 14-16, 1997, storm, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 7, 2001.

28. Jordanova, V. K., L. M. Kistler, C. J. Farrugia, and R. B. Torbert, Effects of inner magnetospheric convection on ring current dynamics: March 10-12, 1998, J. Geophys. Res., 106, 29,705, 2001.

29. Jordanova, V. K., R. M. Thorne, C. J. Farrugia, J. F. Fennell, M. F. Thomsen, G. D. Reeves, and D. J. McComas, Ring current evolution during the July 14-18, 2000, storm, Solar Phys., 204, 361, 2001.

30. Dasso, S., C. J. Farrugia, F. T. Graton, R. P. lepping, K. W. Ogilvie, and R. J. Fitzenreiter, Waves in the proton cyclotron frequency range in the coronal mass ejection observed by WIND on August 7-8, 1996: Theory and data, Adv. Space Res., 28, 5, 747, 2001.

31. Muehlbachler, S., C. J. Farrugia, H. K. Biernat, D. F. Vogl, V. S. Semenov, J. M. Quinn, N. V. Erkaev, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, S. Kokubun, and T. Mukai, The October 18-19, 1995 magnetic cloud: Effects of solar wind dynamic pressure and magnetosonic Mach number on the bow shock, and the possible occurrence of erosion, International Journal of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, 3, 5, 2002.

Year 2002 32. Farrugia, C. J., M. Popecki, E. Moebius, V. K. Jordanova, M. I. Desai, R. J. Fitzenreiter, K. W. Ogilvie, et al., Wind and ACE observations during the great flow of May 1-4, 1998: Relation to solar activity and implications f or the magnetosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 107, paper 10.1029/2001JA000188, 2002.

33. Matsui, H., C. J. Farrugia, and R. B. Torbert, Wind-ACE solar wind correlations, 1999: An approach through spectral analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 107, A11, 1355, 10.1029/2002JA009251, 2002.

34. Farrugia, C. J., H. Matsui, and R. B. Torbert, Coherence Lengths of the interplanetary electric field: Solar Cycle maximum conditions, Solar Wind 10, in press, 2003.

35. Berdichevsky, D.B., C.J. Farrugia, B.J. Thompson, R.P. Lepping, D. Reames, M.L. Kaiser, J.T. Steinberg, S.P. Plunkett, and D. Michels, Halo-Coronal Mass Ejections near the 23rd Solar Minimum: Lift-off at the Sun, Interplanetary Tracking, and In-Situ Observations at 1 AU, Ann. Geophysicae, 20, 891-916, 2002.

36. Farrugia, C. J., P. E. Sandholt, J. D. Scudder, N. C. Maynard, D. M. Ober, and C. T. Russell, Temporal variations in a four-sheet field-aligned current system and associated aurorae as observed during a Polar-ground magnetic conjunction at midmorning, in press, J. Geophys. Res., 2002.

37. Farrugia, C. J., and P. E. Sandholt, Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Coupling at Midmorning local times: Dependence on IMF parameters, Geophysical Monograph on Low Latitude Boundary Layer, DOI: 10.1029/133GM35, P. T. Newell and T. G. Onsager, ed., American Geophysical Union, 2002.

38. Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, The aurora as monitor of solar wind-magnetospheric interactions, Geophysical Monograph on Low Latitude Boundary Layer, DOI: 10.1029/133GM34, P. T. Newell and T. G. Onsager, ed., American Geophysical Union, 2002.

39. Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, Monitoring magnetosheath-magnetosphere interconnection geometry from the aurora, Ann. Geophys., 20, 629, 2002

40. Sandholt, P. E., W. F. Denig, and C. J. Farrugia, Auroral structure at the cusp equatorward boundary: Relationship with the electron edge of low-latitude boundary layer precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 107,, 10.1029/2001JA005081, 2002.

41. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, M. Lester, S. W. H. Cowley, S. Milan, W. F. Denig, B. Lybekk, E. Trondsen, V. Vorobjev, Multi-stage substorm expansion: Auroral dynamics in relation to plasma sheet particle injection, precipitation, and plasma convection, J. Geophys. Res., 107, paper10.1029/2001JA900116, 2002.

42. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, J. Moen, and W. F. Denig, The cusp in rapid transition, J. Geophys. Res., 107, A12, 1427, 10.1029/2001JA009214, 2002.

43. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, J. Moen, S. W. H. Cowley, M. Lester, S. E. Milan, C. Valladarcs, W. F. Denig, and S. Eriksson, Multi-site observations of the association between aurora and plasma convection in the cusp/polar cap during a south-eastward ($B_y$ = $B_z$) IMF orientation, Annales Geophys., in press, 2002.

44. Muehlbachler, S., C. J. Farrugia, H. K. Biernat, R. B. Torbert, and V. S. Semenov, Geostationary magnetic field signatures of erosion: Wind-Goes observations, SOLSPA 2001 Euroconference for Solar Cycle and Space Weather, ESA SP-477, European Space Agency, 459, 2002.

45. Contin, J. E., F. T. Gratton, and C. J. Farrugia, Theoretical results on the latitude dependence of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the dayside magnetopause for northward interplanetary magnetic fields, J. Geophys. Res., in press, 2002.

46. Dasso, S., F. T. Gratton, and C. J. Farrugia, A parametric study of ion and electron properties on the excitation of electromagnetic ion cyclotron waves in coronal mass ejections, J. Geophys. Res., in press, 2002.

47. Gonzalez, A. G., J. Gratton, F. T. Gratton, and C. J. Farrugia, Compressible Kelvin-Helmholtz instability at the terrestrial magnetopause, Brazialian J. of Phys., 32, 945, 2002.

48. Muehlbachler, S. M., C. J., Farrugia, H. K. Biernat, V. S. Semenov, N. V. Erkaev, R. B. Torbert, D. F. Vogl, and D. Langmayr, Studies of dayside magnetopause erosion at geostationary orbit using WIND and GOES data (1996-1999), in Proceedings of SPIE: VIII Joint International Symposium, Atmospheric and Ocean Optics, edited by G. A. Zherebtsov, G. G. Matvienko, V. A. Banakh, and V. V. Koshelev, { 4678, 523, 2002.

49. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, W. F. Denig, S. W. H. Cowley, and M. Lester, Spontaneous and driven cusp dynamics: Optical aurora, particle precipitation, and cusp dynamics, Planetary and Space Science, in press, 2002.

50. Vogl, D., D. Langmayr, N. V. Erkaev, H. K. Biernat, C. J. Farrugia, S. Muehlbachler, The solution of the Rankine-Hugoniot equations for fast shocks in an anisotropic kappa distributed medium, Planetary and Space Science, in press, 2002.

51. Berdichevsky, D., R. P. Lepping, and C. J. Farrugia, Geometric considerations of the evolution of magnetic flux ropes, Phys. Rev. E, in press, 2002.

52. Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, W. F. Denig, S. W. H. Cowley, and M. Lester, Spontaneous and driven cusp dynamics: Optical aurora, particle precipitation, and cusp dynamics, Planetary and Space Science , in press, 2002.

53. Berdichevsky, D. B., C. J. Farrugia, R. P. Lepping, I. G. Richardson, A. B. Galvin, R. Schwenn, K. W. Ogilvie and M. L. Kaiser, Solar-Heliospheric-Magnetospheric observations on March 23-April 26, 2001: Similarities to observations in April 1979, Solar WIND 10, in press, 2003.

54. N. V. Erkaev, C. J. Farrugia, and H. K. Biernat, The role of the magnetic barrier in the solar wind-magnetosphere interaction, Planetary and Space Science, in press, 2003.

WIND: Publications: 1997-1999

Gratton, F. T., C. J. Farrugia, H. K. Biernat, N. V. Erkaev, A. Mezentsev, and L. Bender, Joint action of the Kelvin-Hemholtz and Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities at the dayside, low-shear magnetopause, Proceedings of the International Workshop The Solar Wind-Magnetosphere System 2, edited by S. Bauer, H. K. Biernat, and C. J. Farrugia, Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, p. 211, 1997

Lepping, R. P., L. F. Burlaga, A. Szabo, K. W. Ogilvie, W. Mish, D. Vassiliades, A. J. Lazarus, J. T. Steinberg, C. J. Farrugia, and L. Janoo, The WIND magnetic cloud and events of October 18-20, 1995: Interplanetary properties and as triggers for geomagnetic activity, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 14,049, 1997

Burlaga, L. F., R. J. Fitzenreiter, R. P. Lepping, K. W. Ogilvie, A. Szabo, A. J. Lazarus, J. T. Steinberg, G. Gloeckler, R. Howard, D Michels, C. J. Farrugia, R. P. Lin, and D. Larson, A magnetic cloud containing prominence material: January 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 277, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, and J. Moen, and B. Lybekk, The dayside aurora anmd its regulation by the interplanetary magnetic field, in NATO-Advanced Study Institute Workshop on Polar Cap Boundary Phenomena, p. 189, edited by J. Moen, A. Egeland, and M. Lockwood, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 1998

Janoo, L., C. J. Farrugia, R. B. Torbert, J. M. Quinn, A. Szabo, R. P. Lepping, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lin, D. Larson, J. D. Scudder, V. A. Osherovich, and J. T. Steinberg, Field and flow perturbations in the October 18-19, 1995 magnetic cloud, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 17,249, 1998

Jordanova, V. K., C. J. Farrugia, L. Janoo, J. M. Quinn, R. B. Torbert, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, J. T. Steinberg, D. J. McComas, and R. D. Belian, October 1995 magnetic cloud and accompanying storm activity: Ring current evolution, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 79, 1998

Farrugia. C. J., J. D. Scudder, M. P. Freeman, L. Janoo, G. Lu, J. M. Quinn, R. Arnoldy, R. B. Torbert, L. F. Burlaga, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, A. J. Lazarus, J. T. Steinberg, F. T. Gratton, and G. Rostoker, Geoeffectiveness of three WIND magnetic clouds: A comparative study, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 17,261, 1998

Lu, G., D. N. Baker, R. L. McPherron, C. J. Farrugia, V. K. Jordanova, et al., Global energy deposition during the January 1997 magnetic cloud event, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 11685, 1998

Jordanova, V. K., C. J. Farrugia, J. M. Quinn, R. M. Thorne, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, G. Lu, A. J. Lazarus, M. F. Thomsen, and R. D. Belian, Effect of wave-particle interactions on ring current evolution for January 10-11, 1997: Initial results, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 2971, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, J. Moen, and S. W. H. Cowley, Dayside auroral configurations: Responses to southward and northward rotations of the interplanetary magnetic field, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 20,279, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., C. J., Farrugia, J. Moen, L. Bjorn, S. Torleif, and T. Hansen, A classification of dayside auroral forms and activities as a function of IMF orientation, J. Geophys. Res., 23,325, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, and S. W. H. Cowley, Pulsating cusp aurora for northward IMF, J. Geophys. Res., 26,507, 1998

Farrugia, C. J., P. E. Sandholt, W. F. Denig, and R. B. Torbert, Observation of a correspondence between poleward-moving auroral forms and stepped-cusp ion precipitation, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 9309, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, Three-phase cusp auroral expansion in response to southward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field, Geophys. Res. Lett., 23, 325, 1998

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, J. Moen, and S. W. H. Cowley, Dynamics of the aurora and associated convection currents during a cusp bifurcation event, Geophys. Res. Lett, 25, 4313, 1998

Farrugia, C. J., P. E. Sandholt, J. Moen, and R. L. Arnoldy, Unusual features of the January 1997 magnetic cloud and their effect on dayside auroral optical signatures, Geophys. Res. Lett., 25, 3051, 1998

Jordanova, V. K., R. B. Torbert, R. M. Thorne, H. L. Collin, J. L. Roeder, and J. C. Foster, Ring current activity during the early Bz<0 phase of the January 1997 magnetic cloud, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 24895, 1999.

Farrugia, C. J., L. Janoo, R. B. Torbert, J. M. Quinn, K. W. Ogilvie, R. P. Lepping, R. J. Fitzenreiter, F. T. Gratton, S. Dasso, R. P. Lin, D. Larson, J. T. Steinberg, A. J. Lazarus, D. Berdichevsky, and Y. Lin, Uniform-twist magnetic flux rope in the solar wind, Solar Wind Nine, ed. S. R. Habbal, R. Esser, J. V. Hollweg, and P. A. Isenberg, 745, 1999

Jordanova, V. K., C. J. Farrugia, J. M. Quinn, J. E. Borowsky, R. B. Sheldon, and W. K. Peterson, Simulation of off-equatorial ring current ion spectra measured by POLAR for a moderate storm at solar minimum, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 429, 1999

Freeman, M. P., and C. J. Farrugia, The October 1995 magnetic cloud: A comparison of measures of the inter-substorm solar wind input, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 22,729, 1999

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, S. W. H. Cowley, and W. F. Denig, Capture of magnetosheath plasma by the magnetosphere during northward IMF, Geophys. Res. Lett, 26, 2833, 1999

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, S. W. H. Cowley, and M. Lester, Excitation and decay of a magnetospheric lobe cell and its associated aurora, Geophys. Res. Lett, 26, 3597, 1999

Sandholt, P. E., and C. J. Farrugia, On the dynamic cusp aurora and IMF B_y, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 12,461, 1999.

Sandholt, P. E., C. J. Farrugia, and B. Lybekk, The dynamic cusp aurora on November 30, 1997: Responses to southward turning of the interplanetary magnetic field, Annales Geophys., 17, 1155, 1999